Q&A: Salaries as a Percentage of Church Budget
Why churches must get the right balance, especially for a mortgage loan.
Q&A: Salaries as a Percentage of Church Budget

We recently interviewed Mark Holbrook, president and CEO of the Evangelical Christian Credit Union, and Mike Koch, ECCU’s senior vice president and chief financial officer, about how churches are faring in the lending market. The two provided valuable perspective regarding a challenge that will affect a church’s mortgage loan application.

What is a common challenge or deficiency you encounter when evaluating a church's request for a mortgage loan?

Mark: One issue that we see more often than we’d like to is that a church’s salaries as a percentage of its operating expenses is just too high. One of two things is going on. Either the church just built up the staff too high relative to the total cash flows—and that puts a huge strain on it. Or, to be frank, senior leadership is just getting paid too much relative to income.

So what would be a good percentage of salaries out of the operational budget?

Mike: That’s a bit of a loaded question because it ranges, and it’s certainly relative to how much debt an organization has or wants to take on. In general, it’s a 35-percent range that a church can build a really strong case that it’s within the boundaries of a very well-run ministry. The church certainly wouldn’t want a percentage of its income going to debt and salary combined to be anything more than 65 percent. So, if a church pays salaries and benefits at 35 percent, then it has maybe 30 percent of its available income for debt service. It is important to keep total leverage at a manageable level, down at about 20 percent. The church wouldn’t want it to be much more than that; it gives the church flexibility if and when they need it.

Mark: I think a ministry should think long and hard when that ratio gets out of line. How do you justify 50 percent or 60 percent of your revenues going toward salaries? There may be cases where that may be justifiable. But the question should be asked, “Why are we different and how do we support that?”

Go deeper on churches and loan applications with this feature article from Church Finance Today. For more help with church salaries and church budgets, check out the 2016-2017 Compensation Handbook for Church Staff and How Churches Spend Their Money, two downloadable resources available on ChurchLawAndTaxStore.com. And bring your church’s financial leadership to new levels of accountability and excellence with the forthcoming Church Finance, a new book co-authored by Richard Hammar and Michael Batts and available in February.

This content is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is published with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional service. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. "From a Declaration of Principles jointly adopted by a Committee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers and Associations."

Due to the nature of the U.S. legal system, laws and regulations constantly change. The editors encourage readers to carefully search the site for all content related to the topic of interest and consult qualified local counsel to verify the status of specific statutes, laws, regulations, and precedential court holdings.


If you found this article helpful, subscribe to ChurchLawAndTax.com for access to more articles like this one.

Recent Posts
Subscribe to Church, Law & Tax
Managing the Legal Risks of Lay Counseling

Managing the Legal Risks of Lay Counseling Subscriber access only

Develop specific policies and procedures that protect your church, lay caregivers, and those who receive care.
20 Finance Questions Churches Ask

20 Finance Questions Churches Ask Subscriber access only

Richard Hammar shares his answers to 20 of the most widely asked and relevant tax and finance questions for church leaders.