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Must Churches Pay the Minimum Wage to Child Care Workers?

A federal court issues an important clarification.

Reich v. Miss Paula's Day Care Center, Inc., 37 F.3d 1191 (6th Cir. 1994)

Background. Many churches operate child care centers during the week, and nearly every church has some form of child care during worship services. Must churches pay the minimum wage to persons who work in either capacity? A related question is whether or not churches must pay "overtime" compensation ("time and a half") to employees who work more than 40 hours per week. If churches must pay the minimum wage and overtime pay, are there any exceptions? What about volunteer workers and self-employed individuals? Is there a difference between preschool and child care? These are questions that church treasurers often ask. A recent federal appeals court ruling directly addresses many of these questions.

Facts of the case. A child care center in Ohio provides custodial care for very young children. It has 12 employees and has ...

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Posted:
  • March 1, 1995

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