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• Must a church guarantee a pregnant employee her job back after the birth of her child? This question is being asked by many churches as a result of a recent Supreme Court ruling. Title VII of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, prohibits most employers from discriminating in any employment decision (including disability leave and job reinstatement) on the basis of pregnancy or childbirth. Among other things, this means that employees temporarily disabled by childbirth must be treated the same as employees temporarily disabled by any other disability (such as cancer, heart disease, or a bone fracture). In 1978, the State of California enacted a law requiring employers subject to Title VII to provide unpaid disability leave and the assurance of job reinstatement to all female employees temporarily disabled by childbirth so long ...

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  • May 1, 1987

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