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Do Federal Employment and Discrimination Laws Apply to Churches?

A federal court issues an important ruling- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. St. Francis Xavier Parochial School, 117 F.3d 621 (D.C. Cir. 1997)

[Labor Laws, The Civil Rights Act of 1964, Americans with Disabilities Act, Application of Federal Labor and Discrimination Laws to Private Schools]

Article summary. In a decision of extraordinary importance, a federal court has addressed the application of federal civil rights laws to religious organizations. This decision will assist church leaders in evaluating the application of several civil rights laws to church employment practices. These include the Americans with Disabilities Act, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and the Family Medical Leave Act.

The case addresses not only the meaning of "commerce," but also the important question of when a church and its affiliated entities (such as a school or preschool) should be treated as "one employer" for purposes of meeting the minimum number of employees required by ...

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Posted:
  • March 2, 1998

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