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Church Law & Tax Report

March/April 2007
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Feature Article

Must Churches Pay Overtime and the Minimum Wage? Subscriber access only

Two federal courts address the issue.


Notable Quotes Subscriber access only

Self-Assessment Quiz Subscriber access only

Recent Developments

Recent Developments

Issues that affect ministers and churches, with Richard R. Hammar
Criminal Liability

Chaplains and Miranda Warnings Subscriber access only

It is important for police chaplains to clearly understand when they are required to provide Miranda warnings.
Members - Discipline

Disruptive Church Members Subscriber access only

An adult male who exhibited bizarre behavior in his church and community could not be involuntarily committed to a psychiatric hospital since he was not a danger to himself.
New York
Church Property Disputes

Legal Owners of Church Property  Subscriber access only

A New York court ruled that a parent denomination held title to the property of a local church that voted to disaffiliate from the denomination.
New York
Confidential and Privileged Communications

Inspecting Church Records  Subscriber access only

Most state nonprofit corporation laws give members a legal right to inspect corporate records for a "proper purpose."

Clergy-Penitent Privilege and Confidentiality Subscriber access only

In many states, the presence of third persons during a conversation with a minister will prevent the conversation from being privileged.

Clergy-Penitent Privilege and Observations Subscriber access only

Ministers can be compelled to testify regarding their "observations" or general impressions of a counselee's demeanor.
Employment Practices

Application of Laws to Specified Number of Employees Subscriber access only

Some federal employment laws apply only to employers having a specified number of employees.
Sexual Misconduct by Clergy, Lay Employees, and Volunteers

The Ministerial Exception and Lawsuits Subscriber access only

A federal court in Washington ruled that the "ministerial exception" prevented it from resolving several claims against a religious organization.
South Carolina

Building Rental for Church Use Subscriber access only

A federal court in South Carolina ordered a public school district to continue allowing a church to rent a school building for weekly worship services.
Officers, Directors, and Trustees

Internal Church Disputes Subscriber access only

The courts will not resolve disputes regarding a church's spiritual or ecclesiastical affairs.

Release Forms Usefulness Subscriber access only

Release forms should not be relied upon, and certainly should not be viewed as a substitute for sound risk management.
New York
Sexual Misconduct by Clergy, Lay Employees, and Volunteers

Sexual Harassment and Church Employees Subscriber access only

A federal court in New York ruled that a local church and denominational agency could be sued for the sexual harassment of a church employee by two pastors.
New York
Sexual Misconduct by Clergy, Lay Employees, and Volunteers

Risks of Pastoral Counseling Services Subscriber access only

Church leaders should never ignore "warning signs" that a staff member (employee or volunteer) has a propensity to engage in a particular kind of harmful conduct.
Sexual Misconduct by Clergy, Lay Employees, and Volunteers

Sexual Abuse and Church Responsibility Subscriber access only

A federal court in Nebraska ruled that two churches were not responsible on the basis of negligent hiring or supervision for a pastor's sexual molestation of his minor daughter.
North Dakota
Sexual Harassment

Sex Offenders and Church Attendance Subscriber access only

Any decision to allow a known sex offender to attend church, even with conditions, should not be made without the assistance of legal counsel.
Wills, Trusts, and Estates

Delegation of Trusts  Subscriber access only

The decisions of trustees regarding the distribution of trust income or principal ordinarily will be upheld by the courts.



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Using Social Media Safely

Using Social Media Safely Subscriber access only

Policies to keep your church staff and members safe when using social media.
Juvenile Offenders in the Church

Juvenile Offenders in the Church Subscriber access only

How to protect children from juveniles who sexually abuse other children.