On June 26, 2013, the United States Supreme Court issued two rulings addressing same-sex marriages. In the first ruling, the Court struck down a provision in the federal Defense of Marriage Act ("DOMA") defining marriage for purposes of federal law as a union between a man and woman. In the second case, the Court dismissed on technical grounds an appeal of a 2010 federal district court ruling invalidating on constitutional grounds a referendum by the voters of California ("Proposition 8") that amended the state constitution to define marriage as a union between a man and woman. Both cases are addressed in this article, along with an assessment of their effects on churches and other religious organizations.
The Defense of Marriage Act
United States v. Windsor, 2013 WL3196928 (2013)
In 1996, as some states were beginning to consider same-sex marriages, and before any state had acted to permit ...