Q&A: Our church board meets monthly. Occasionally, less than a quorum is present. Is there any way that the board can conduct business if a quorum is not present? Is there an exception for emergency actions?
A: The answer to this question may be found in one of three sources:
1. Bylaws. A church bylaws or other governing document should be consulted first, since its provisions generally will be superior to conflicting provisions in state nonprofit corporation law and parliamentary procedure.
2. State nonprofit corporation law. Most state nonprofit corporation laws under which many churches are incorporated address the quorum requirement for church boards. To illustrate, the Model Nonprofit Corporation Act, which has been adopted in many states, states:
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the articles of incorporation, or the bylaws, a quorum of the board of directors consists of a majority of the directors in office before a meeting begins.