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Issues that affect ministers and churches
Ascending Liability Claims
National churches will not necessarily be held liable for the acts of local affiliates.

Key point 10-18.2. Most courts have refused to hold denominational agencies liable for the acts of affiliated ministers and churches, either because of First Amendment considerations or because the relationship between the denominational agency and affiliated church or minister is too remote to support liability.

A California court ruled that the national headquarters of Little League Baseball was not legally responsible for the sexual molestation of a 10-year-old boy by an adult volunteer worker. Little League Baseball is a nonprofit organization founded in 1939 and granted a federal charter in 1964. Little League Baseball's purpose is "to promote, develop, supervise, and voluntarily assist in all lawful ways the interest of those who will participate in Little League Baseball." Little League Baseball operates through local leagues, which apply for a charter from Little League Baseball.

Little League Baseball has promulgated a Little League Operating Manual (Operating Manual) under which each local league establishes its own administration, elects its own board of directors, and establishes guidelines that best suit the needs of the community in which it is established. The local league is responsible for the selection and supervision of coaches, managers, umpires, and other volunteers.

Little League Baseball has also promulgated Official Regulations and Playing Rules (Regulations). The Regulations address the manner in which the teams are to be established, the official playing rules, and the basic safety rules for players. The rules also dictate the playing divisions, age ranges for each division, registration and tryouts, the start and end dates of each season, and other rules relating to the game of baseball.

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