Key point 10-16.8. Churches have various defenses available to them if they are sued as a result of a personal injury. One such defense is an arbitration policy. By adopting an arbitration policy, a church can compel members to arbitrate specified disputes with their church rather than pursue their claim in the civil courts.
A New Jersey court ruled that a lawsuit that members of a mosque brought against other members as a result of alleged financial improprieties had to be resolved by binding arbitration as a result of an arbitration clause in the mosque's bylaws. In 1989, a mosque was incorporated under the New Jersey Nonprofit Corporation Act. The mosque is a nonprofit charitable, religious, and educational organization. Its certificate of incorporation asserts its purpose is, among other things, to serve members of the Islamic faith by providing a house of worship, and its bylaws provide the different types of membership one may have in the mosque. One type is to be a member of the general assembly. The general assembly is composed of all "active members," defined as those who attend prayers regularly, participate "actively" in mosque "activities," abide by the bylaws, pay dues, and practice Islam daily. The general assembly is the highest authority in the mosque, although the Board of Trustees (board), which represents the general assembly, is the highest policy-making authority.