Injuries Occurring Under the Supervision of Volunteers

A recent case is important for a number of reasons.

Church Law and Tax 1994-11-01 Recent Developments

Personal Injuries – On Church Property or During Church Activities

Key point: Volunteer youth workers must act with reasonable care in the supervision of children. However, this does not mean that they are responsible for every injury that occurs to a child. If a child is injured as a result of disobedience to a worker’s clear instructions, the worker may not be responsible for injuries that result.

In a case that will be relevant to every volunteer youth worker, a New Mexico court concluded that a Little League coach was not responsible for the death of a teenage boy who fell from the back of a truck while being transported to a baseball field. A Little League baseball team assembled for practice at a baseball field and was informed by park officials to use another field a short distance away. In order to travel to the second field the team had to ride in two vehicles. One vehicle was owned by the coach, but it was not big enough for all the boys. One of the older players had a truck with a camper on the back, and he volunteered to take the boys who could not fit in the coach’s vehicle. Three boys asked the coach if they could ride on the back bumper of the truck but the coach refused and instructed them to crawl inside the camper. As the coach was driving away he noticed that the three boys were standing beside the truck with the camper door open. Assuming that his instructions were being followed, he drove to the other field about a half of a mile away on a dirt road without traffic. When the coach drove away the boys closed the camper door and stood on top of the truck’s back bumper. There was nothing on the back of the truck or camper shell for the boys to grab firmly. The truck proceeded to the other field. Along the way, two of the boys fell off the bumper. One was killed and the other seriously injured. The parents of the deceased boy sued the coach and the Little League, arguing that they had negligently supervised the boys and that their negligence was the cause of their son’s death. A trial court dismissed the lawsuit and the parents appealed. A state appeals court upheld the trial court’s dismissal of the lawsuit. It agreed with the trial court that the coach had not been negligent. And, since the coach had not been negligent the case against the Little League had to be dismissed as well. In finding that the coach was not negligent the court relied on the following factors (these will be helpful for church leaders to keep in mind in evaluating the risk to their own volunteers): (1) The coach had explicitly warned the boys not to ride on the truck’s back bumper. (2) The boys had never before disobeyed the coach or engaged in activities that would lead him to believe they would not obey him. (3) The coach waited until he saw one of the boys open the camper door before he drove away. (4) The coach had no reason to believe that the boy who drove the truck was an unsafe driver. (5) The vehicles had to travel only a half of a mile on a dirt road without traffic. (6) The court quoted with approval from a similar case: “The reasonableness of [the coach’s] conduct is especially clear in light of the social utility of said conduct—namely, the value of the services of volunteers in a youth sports program to the community in which they participate.” (7) The court referred to another case finding that a teacher was not responsible for injuries sustained by a student in a woodworking class. The court in the other case noted that it was impossible for a teacher to personally supervise each student under his care every moment of the school day, and concluded that “a teacher must necessarily rely, to some extent, on the responsibility and maturity of his students to conduct themselves in a proper and safe manner.” Similarly, the court referred to another case in which a court concluded that ordinary care on the part of a teacher does not require having each student constantly in sight, since such a standard would be impossible.

This case is important for a number of reasons. First, it illustrates the potential liability of volunteer leaders for injuries occurring to minors under their supervision. Second, it demonstrates that volunteer workers will not be responsible for every death or injury that occurs. If teenagers are injured because they violate a volunteer worker’s explicit instructions, and the volunteer has no reason to believe that the instructions will not be obeyed, this may be enough to refute a charge of negligence. Supporting this conclusion are court decisions recognizing that youth workers cannot possibly keep every child in sight at all times, that older children have some responsibility to conduct themselves in a safe manner, and, that the valuable community service provided by volunteer workers necessitates a clear showing of negligence. Marquez v. Gomez, 866 P.2d 354 (N.M. App. 1993).

See Also: Negligent Supervision

This content is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional service. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. "From a Declaration of Principles jointly adopted by a Committee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers and Associations." Due to the nature of the U.S. legal system, laws and regulations constantly change. The editors encourage readers to carefully search the site for all content related to the topic of interest and consult qualified local counsel to verify the status of specific statutes, laws, regulations, and precedential court holdings.

ajax-loader-largecaret-downcloseHamburger Menuicon_amazonApple PodcastsBio Iconicon_cards_grid_caretChild Abuse Reporting Laws by State IconChurchSalary Iconicon_facebookGoogle Podcastsicon_instagramLegal Library IconLegal Library Iconicon_linkedinLock IconMegaphone IconOnline Learning IconPodcast IconRecent Legal Developments IconRecommended Reading IconRSS IconSubmiticon_select-arrowSpotify IconAlaska State MapAlabama State MapArkansas State MapArizona State MapCalifornia State MapColorado State MapConnecticut State MapWashington DC State MapDelaware State MapFederal MapFlorida State MapGeorgia State MapHawaii State MapIowa State MapIdaho State MapIllinois State MapIndiana State MapKansas State MapKentucky State MapLouisiana State MapMassachusetts State MapMaryland State MapMaine State MapMichigan State MapMinnesota State MapMissouri State MapMississippi State MapMontana State MapMulti State MapNorth Carolina State MapNorth Dakota State MapNebraska State MapNew Hampshire State MapNew Jersey State MapNew Mexico IconNevada State MapNew York State MapOhio State MapOklahoma State MapOregon State MapPennsylvania State MapRhode Island State MapSouth Carolina State MapSouth Dakota State MapTennessee State MapTexas State MapUtah State MapVirginia State MapVermont State MapWashington State MapWisconsin State MapWest Virginia State MapWyoming State IconShopping Cart IconTax Calendar Iconicon_twitteryoutubepauseplay