If your church or organization reported withheld taxes of $50,000 or less during the most recent lookback period (for 2023, the lookback period is July 1, 2021, through June 30, 2022), then withheld payroll taxes are deposited monthly. Monthly deposits are due by the 15th day of the following month.
The 2023 Church & Clergy Tax Guide is available—preorder your print copy today or download the .pdf version now.
Note, however, that if withheld taxes are less than $2,500 at the end of any calendar quarter (March 31, June 30, September 30, or December 31), the church need not deposit the taxes.
Instead, it can pay the total withheld taxes directly to the IRS with its quarterly Form 941.
Withheld taxes include federal income taxes withheld from employee wages, the employee’s share of Social Security and Medicare taxes, and the employer’s share of Social Security and Medicare taxes.
If your church or organization reported withheld taxes of more than $50,000 during the most recent lookback period (for 2023, the lookback period is July 1, 2021, through June 30, 2022), then the withheld payroll taxes are deposited semiweekly. This means that for paydays falling on Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday, the payroll taxes must be deposited on or by the following Wednesday.
For all other paydays, the payroll taxes must be deposited on the Friday following the payday. Note further that large employers having withheld taxes of $100,000 or more at the end of any day must deposit the taxes by the next banking day.
The deposit days are based on the timing of the employer’s payroll. Withheld taxes include federal income taxes withheld from employee wages, the employee’s share of Social Security and Medicare taxes (7.65 percent of wages), and the employer’s share of Social Security and Medicare taxes (an additional 7.65 percent of employee wages).
February 10, 2023: Employer’s quarterly federal tax return due
Churches having nonminister employees (or one or more ministers who report their federal income taxes as employees and who have elected voluntary withholding) may file their employer’s quarterly federal tax return (Form 941) by this date instead of January 31 if all taxes for the fourth calendar quarter (of 2022) have been deposited in full and on time.
February 28, 2023: Filing 1095-C and 1094-C for applicable large employers and ACA compliance
Applicable large employers, generally employers with 50 or more full-time employees (including full-time equivalent employees) in the previous year, must file a Form 1095-C for each employee who was a full-time employee of the employer for any month of the previous calendar year by this date. Generally, the employer is required to furnish a copy of Form 1095-C (or a substitute form) to the employee.
The employer also files a Form 1094-C transmittal form with the IRS (including copies of each Form 1095-C). The purpose of this form is to ensure that applicable large employers are complying with the shared responsibility provisions of the ACA. Generally, you must file Forms 1094-C and 1095-C by February 28 if filing on paper (or March 31 if filing electronically) of the year following the calendar year to which the return relates. For calendar year 2022, Forms 1094-C and 1095-C are required to be filed by February 28, 2023, or March 31, 2023, if