The most important tax benefit available to ministers who own or rent their home is the housing allowance exclusion.
To the extent the allowance represents compensation for ministerial services, is used to pay housing expenses, and doesn't exceed the fair rental value of the home, including utilities, ministers who own their home do not pay federal income taxes on the amount of their compensation that their church designates in advance as a housing allowance. Housing-related expenses include mortgage payments, utilities, repairs, furnishings, insurance, property taxes, remodeling expenses, and maintenance.
For ministers who rent a home or apartment, all of the above is true, with the only difference being the allowance is used to pay rental expenses, such as rent, furnishings, utilities, and insurance.
Note that a housing allowance does not cost the church anything. It simply represents ...