Child Abuse Reporting Laws for Alabama

State and Statute: Alabama, Code §§ 26-14-1 et seq.

What Is Reportable "Abuse": Physical, sexual, or mental abuse, sexual exploitation, neglect, or maltreatment. [26-14-1]

Mandatory Reporters: Includes "members of the clergy as defined in Rule 505 of the Alabama Rules of Evidence," school teachers and officials, day care workers or employees, or any other person called upon to render aid or medical assistance to any child, "when the child is known or suspected to be a victim of child abuse." [26-14-3(a)]

How and Where to Report: Oral report (face-to-face or via phone) followed by written report to chief of police, sheriff, or Department of Human Resources. [26-14-3(a)]

Timeline to Report: Immediately. [26-14-3(a)]

Clergy Privilege: "A member of the clergy shall not be required to report information gained solely in a confidential communication privileged pursuant to Rule 505 of the Alabama Rules of Evidence which communication shall continue to be privileged as provided by law." [26-14-3(f)]

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