• Key point. Custodians often may have unsupervised access to minors, and so churches should not overlook them when screening youth and children's workers.
An Ohio court ruled that a school could dismiss a custodian on account of a prior conviction for public indecency, since he was a person having responsibility for the "care, custody, or control" of children. An individual applied for work as a part-time custodian at a public elementary school. He failed to reveal on his employment application that he had been convicted of public indecency some twenty years earlier. The school hired the custodian, subject to a criminal records check mandated by state law. The records check disclosed the prior conviction, and the school terminated the custodian on the basis of a state law specifying that no public school "shall employ a person responsible for the care, custody, or control of a child if the person previously has been convicted of or pleaded guilty to" a designated crime (including public indecency). The custodian appealed his dismissal, and a court ordered the custodian reinstated since he "clearly was not in a position as a person responsible for the care, custody, or control of a child." School officials appealed this ruling, and a state appeals court upheld the school's dismissal of the custodian. The court noted that the custodian worked five-hour shifts, beginning at 2:30 in the afternoon, and that he reported to work as students were being dismissed. While his duties consisted of cleaning and maintaining school property, he had contact with students as they were leaving the school and with students who were in the school after regular school hours retrieving books and participating in after-school activities. A school official further noted that custodians were expected to intervene if they observed a student engaging in conduct that is dangerous or in violation of school rules. And, in an emergency, custodians could be entrusted with the care of children. These facts persuaded the court that the custodian was a person responsible for the care, custody, or control of a child, and accordingly the school was required by state law to dismiss him when it learned of his previous criminal conviction.