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Pastor, Church & LawMember access only

by Richard R. Hammar, J.D., LL.M., CPA

The Privilege in Federal Courts

§ 3.08.06
Key point 3-08.06. Federal courts generally apply state clergy-penitent privilege statutes.

In 1972 the United States Supreme Court adopted a set of rules of evidence for use in federal courts. [141] 56 F.R.D. 184 (1972). Congress later suspended implementation of these rules pending a thorough review. In 1975, Congress enacted into law a revised version of the Federal Rules of Evidence, incorporating several changes in the rules as originally proposed by the Supreme Court. One of the most significant modifications pertained to privileged communications. The Supreme Court had proposed nine specific privileges for use in the federal courts, including the clergy-parishioner, attorney-client, husband-wife, and psychotherapist-patient privileges. Congress, however, deleted all of the Supreme Court's specific rules of privilege and replaced them with a single principle:

[T]he privilege of a witness ...

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