It is a fundamental characteristic of corporations that individual members will not be personally responsible for the misconduct of other members, so long as they do not participate directly in the misconduct or ratify or affirm it. Members of course are personally responsible for their own misconduct, and the corporation itself may be derivatively responsible for a member’s misconduct. But other members of the corporation who were not involved in and did not affirm the wrongful act of another member ordinarily will not be personally responsible for it.
Members who are expelled from a church ordinarily are no longer responsible for the church’s debts and liabilities.344 Smith v. Lewis, 578 S.W.2d 169 (Tex. App. 1979).