Key point 5-02.01. Local zoning laws generally allow "churches" in residential areas. The courts have struggled with the application of this term to various activities and organizations other than traditional congregations meeting in a building for regular worship services.
Many other courts have been asked to decide whether various uses of church-owned property constitute a church under municipal zoning laws. The following uses have been found to be "churches":
use of a home across the street from a church for women's fellowship meetings and religious education classes; Twin-City Bible Church v. Zoning Board of Appeals, 365 N.E.2d 1381 (Ill. 1977).
a single-family residence used by the United Presbyterian Church as a religious coffeehouse for university students; Synod of Chesapeake, Inc. v. Newark, 254 A.2d 611 (Del. 1969).
a priest's home, convent, and parochial school; Board of Zoning Appeals v. Wheaton, 76 N.E.2d 597 (Ind. 1948).
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