Key Point 8-19. The Occupational Safety and Health Act imposes various requirements upon employers in order to achieve safe and healthful working conditions. The Act applies to any employer engaged in commerce, regardless of the number of employees. There is no exemption for religious organizations, but the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has not applied the Act, as a matter of discretion, to employees engaged in religious services.
In 1970, Congress enacted the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) "to assure so far as is possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working conditions." 29 U.S.C. § 651(b). The Act achieves its aim primarily through imposing various duties upon employers. The Act defines covered employers to include any organization "engaged in a business affecting commerce that has employees." If an employer is engaged ...
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